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Enabling High-Accuracy Human Activity Recognition with Fine-Grained Indoor Localization

Booth Id:

Systems Software


Finalist Names:
Seshan, Arvind (School: Fox Chapel Area High School)

While computers play an increasingly important role in every aspect of our lives, their inability to understand what tasks users are physically performing makes a wide range of applications, including health monitoring and context-specific assistance, difficult or impossible. With Human Activity Recognition (HAR), applications could track if a patient took his pills and detect the behavioral changes associated with diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Current systems for HAR require diverse sensors (e.g., cameras, microphones, proximity sensors, and accelerometers) placed throughout the environment to provide detailed observations needed for high-accuracy HAR. The difficulty of instrumenting an environment with these sensors makes this approach impractical. This project considers whether recent advances in indoor localization (Wi-Fi Round Trip Time) enable high-accuracy HAR using only a smartphone. My design, called Location-Enhanced HAR (LEHAR), uses machine learning to combine acceleration, audio, and location data to detect common human activities. A LEHAR prototype, designed to recognize a dozen common activities conducted in a typical household, achieved an F-score of 0.965. In contrast, existing approaches, which use only acceleration or audio data, obtained F1-scores of 0.660 and 0.865, respectively, on the same activities. In addition, the F1-score of existing designs dropped significantly as more activities were added for recognition, while LEHAR was able to maintain high accuracy. The results show that using a combination of acceleration, audio, and Wi-Fi Round Trip Time localization can enable a highly accurate and easily deployable HAR system.

Awards Won:
Third Award of $1,000
China Association for Science and Technology (CAST): Award of $1,200